Monday, February 20, 2017
The Myanmar Times

2015 Election Graphics

Myanmar's landmark November 8 election yielded a lot of stats and figures: 91 parties, 1171 contested seats, and various magic numbers for the NLD to win majorities, "supermajorities," and control of the presidential election – all of which they attained. The Myanmar Times online and graphics teams are here to help, with these handy and informative charts, maps, and graphics to help make sense of the numbers.

Be sure to also check out our Election Results Spreadsheet for a full list of every winning candidate for every constituency in the country, plus a list of new Ethnic Affairs Ministers, total party tallies, and party win percentages.


Interactive: National hluttaw results graphics
Twenty-five years ago, the fall of socialism brought a stunning election victory for the National League for Democracy. But it would be a full quarter-century until the NLD could repeat its sweep to power. These graphics visualise the results of the 2010, 2012, and 2015 polls to help chart the NLD's climb to power.

Maps:
2015 Final Pyithu Hluttaw results
2015 Final Amyotha Hluttaw results 

Interactive Pyithu Hluttaw map from Democracy Reporting International
Interactive Amyotha Hluttaw map from Democracy Reporting International
 

Interactive: State/Region Hluttaw results graphics
Wondering how the November 8 election panned out in state and regional assemblies? Take a look through the graphics below to compare the party makeups of each state and region hluttaw in Myanmar in 2010 and 2015. | Related story: Strength in unity for Rakhine nationalists

Final Party Table 
Ninety-one parties entered contention for the 2015 election, but only 22 (plus 5 Independent candidates) gained a seat in an assembly on any level of Myanmar's political system | Related stories: Final results confirm scale of NLD victory, Ethnic parties fall short of expectations

Results delayed in Kachin
UEC chair U Tin Aye announced that results for 11 seats would remain delayed, all from Nawngmun and Khaunglanhpu townships in Kachin State, where ballots had to walked to Putao, helicoptered to Myitkyina, then flown to Nay Pyi Taw. The final results were announced November 20 | Photo: Kaung Htet / The Myanmar Times 
 

In Pictures: Election Day 
On November 8, Myanmar held a nationwide election that saw the long-ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party's grip on power eroded on every level of government in the nation. One week on, The Myanmar Times presents our favourite images from the historic day of the poll, captured by Myanmar Times staff photographers stationed around the country.


Pre-Election Graphics and Analysis:
Click the images below for expanded view, or links for full articles  

State hluttaws: new centres of power? 
Blocked budgets, corruption investigations and impeachments: One of the more notable features of Myanmar’s political evolution has been a strong national parliament. State and region parliaments have lagged far behind its example, however. Their ability to act as a check and balance on has been stifled by an extremely limited register of powers.
 

Ten battleground townships to watch 
Fierce competition, a divided populace – some areas will come down to the wire, and if all fall one way, the rest of the country is sure to follow. Chief political reporter Ei Ei Toe Lwin highlights 10 bellwethers to keep a close eye on as results are revealed.
 

‘Rotten boroughs’, packed townships leave a confusing electoral landscape 
Blame it on the British: From “rotten boroughs” with populations of barely 1000 to Yangon’s heaving townships with several hundred thousand, Myanmar’s electoral system results in a highly uneven representation in parliament that makes predictions of the outcome on November 8 far from certain.

Kayah State: Will history repeat on Nov 8? 
In a country of vast voting disparities – where, for example, a lower house seat in Chin State has on average one-third the voters of a seat in Ayeyarwady Region – Kayah State is a class apart. Those wondering why this often-forgotten corner of the country has received so much media attention of late need look no further than the results of the 2010 election.

 
 

On the cusp of history, younger generation faces tough choices 
Whether they are already 18 or not, many young people are playing a major role in the run-up to the elections that has the potential to shape the process of political change in Myanmar. And that, say opponents of the military-backed government, has the authorities worried.

 

Vote cancellations in conflict areas higher than in 2010 
Voting has been cancelled in nearly 600 village tracts nationwide, mostly in Kachin and Shan states, as the UEC ruled the lack of security would not allow for free and fair elections. This number represents a sizeable increase over the 478 village tracts where voting was cancelled in the 2010 elections.

 
 

The Facebook election? Not quite yet 
New tech is transforming Myanmar – but can it also impact on the November 8 election? While some of candidates have made Facebook their podium, the still-low number of Myanmar people on the social platform – est at less than 10% of the poulation – means politicians can only make so many “friends”.

Spurned farmers see few green shoots 
Farmers comprise a large proportion of Myanmar’s rural population, which is 70% of the total. Their votes will be crucial for any party seeking to form national and regional governments. Yet farmers' interests are noticeably absent from most election manifestos, which tend to be heavy on vague promises about changing the constitution, building a “genuine” federal union, and steering a strong market-oriented economy.
 

We report, you decide? Elections and the Media 
For journalists and the media, the election picture is also complex. November 8's poll was the first election since 1960 to be held without pre-publication censorship. While that obstacle has been lifted, many others remain to ensuring fair and balanced coverage.

Gender imbalance: Women ready for tilt at more seats 
Political parties have responded to pressure and have boosted their numbers of female candidates running in November. In 2010 there were only 101 female candidates. This year, according to the Union Election Commission, nearly 800 women are standing among more than 6000 candidates in the national and state-level elections.

 

Commission rejects nearly 50 candidates 
State and region election sub-commissions have rejected almost 50 candidates from contesting the November 8 election. Rakhine State had the highest number rejected with 19, followed by Bago and Yangon regions and Shan State. | Related stories: More than 100 scrubbed from final candidate list, EC rejects Muslim candidates en masseUnder pressure on all sides, UEC reinstates 11 Muslim candidates

Behind the numbers and names: election picture  
Arguably, November 8 represented Myanmar's first real election in decades – even the first in living memory, considering the 1990 result was later ignored. But given the sheer scale of the event – 91 parties, 1171 constituencies and 6189 candidates – tracking the most interesting match-ups will prove a challenge for even the most dedicated political junkie.

Pyithu Hluttaw Results Final

Amyotha Hluttaw Results Final

See results compared to 2010 and 2012 elections