With as little as six weeks left to finalise a nationwide ceasefire before election campaigning begins, government and ethnic leaders have resumed talks but remain divided on key issues, particularly who can sign the agreement.
Proposed amendments would reduce the military role in national politics by ensuring a civilian president, while also devolving more power to states.
Fighting in Kokang and controversial investments such as the Myitsone dam are likely to dominate discussions.
More people in Myanmar have mobile phones than use electricity to light their homes, many more rely on bullock carts than possess cars or vans, and there is still a serious deficit of toilets and potable water.
In the midst of sectarian violence raging in Rakhine State in 2012, President Barack Obama, as the first sitting US president to visit Myanmar, shamed the nation for its treatment of the Rohingya minority.
On the brink of an escalating crisis, with migrant-laden boats bearing down on Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia being repelled back to sea, the region has reached a critical impasse.
Arrival of more than 1000 people from Myanmar and Bangladesh brings home the reality of the crisis in Rakhine State.